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- Biotechnology Technology Transfer
- Biotechnology Technology Transfer - AbeBooks
If the service is rather unique, another model is a strategic partnership. Brain owns these compounds together with all related IP, whereas new IP regarding the screening system itself and further development of the technology belongs to Autodisplay Biotech. Another example is the cooperation of Enzymicals Greifswald, Germany and Brain, in which the strategic partnership was intensified through the acquisition of shares of Enzymicals by Brain.
To strengthen this strategy of combining a strategic partnership together with an equity investment in the spin-off, established companies such as BASF and DSM have built up corporate venture capital activities. For the companies covered in Figure 1 the importance of technology transfer from academic spin-offs by engaging them as service providers or by acquisition was rated using a score between 1 for low to 5 for high, and the results were visualised in a 2-dimensional matrix.
Technology transfer from academic spin-offs to established companies through a service provider model or by acquisition of the spin-off. The roles of the different types of established companies for the further development of the industrial biotechnology sector are clearly defined: whereas dedicated MNEs are the most important type for commercial development, SMEs as well as academic spin-offs are especially enhancing technological development. None of the different company types carries out all further technological development internally, so technology transfer from academic institutions to established companies is important.
Academic spin-offs enhance the transition of state-of-the-art technological expertise from academic research to established companies. Cooperation with external partners, such as spin-offs, and thus the allying of internal and external know-how strengthens internal competencies. Optimal integration of internal and external knowledge along the innovation process is essential to exploit the positive interdependencies among the activities.
Technology transfer from academic institutions to industry creates a win-win situation for all related parties and leads to a faster translation of academic innovation into practical applications in emerging industries such as industrial biotechnology. An important technology transfer model is the acquisition of the whole spin-off, which can be technology driven or product driven. Spin-offs can also engage as a more or less independent service provider for established companies. In particular, the differences in the comparison between MNEs and SMEs highlighted that the preferred approach of technology transfer strongly depends on the type of company.
Whereas MNEs take great efforts to make new technologies available both by engaging them as service providers or acquiring spin-offs, SMEs are instead focusing on partnerships with spin-offs, as they have limited financial and management resources compared to MNEs.
Overall, academic spin-offs have the potential to bridge the gap in technology transfer in industrial biotechnology. Login to your account Username. Forgot password? Keep me logged in.
Biotechnology Technology Transfer
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Industrial Biotechnology Vol. Gunter Festel Search for more papers by this author. Coons R.
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Industrial biotechnology. Chemical Week ; 27 — Producing bio-based bulk chemicals using industrial biotechnology saves energy and combats climate change. Environ Sci Techn ;41 22 — Festel G. Industrial biotechnology: Market size, company types, business models, and growth strategies. Ind Biotechnol ;6 2 — Nieuwenhuizen P, Lyon D. Anticipating opportunities in industrial biotechnology: Sizing the market and growth scenarios. J Commer Biotechnol ;17 2 — Joint Research Center.
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May Chemical and Biofuel Industries Investigation No. United States International Trade Commission. Industrial Biotechnology-Development and Adoption by the U. Chemical and Biofuel Industries , Investigation No. Kircher M. Industrial biotechnology becomes a key competitive factor. J Bus Chem ;8 1 :3—4. Lack of transparency on environmental risks of genetically modified micro-organisms in industrial biotechnology.
J Clean Prod ;17 6 — White biotechnology: Gateway to a more sustainable future. Brussels, April 3, Available at www. Industrial or white biotechnology. Brussels, Industrial biotech—Influencing production. Drivers and barriers for industrial biotechnology.
https://j-a-x.net/wp-content/hydroxychloroquine-sulphate-und-chloroquine-diphosphate-dosierung.php Int Sugar J , ; — Academic and surrogate entrepreneurs in university spin-out companies. Bower JD. Business model fashion and the academic spinout firm.
Entrepreneurship and university-based technology transfer. J Bus Venturing ;20 2 — Academic spin-offs, corporate spin-outs and company internal start-ups as technology transfer approach. J Technol Transf ;38 4 — Future Prospects for Industrial Biotechnology. Google Scholar. Volume 9 Issue 5 Oct To cite this article: Gunter Festel. Industrial Biotechnology.
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View on Wiley Online Library. This is a dummy description. Here, the world's top experts impart their knowledge and experience, many in print for the first time. By considering developing country markets, this book is the first truly global guide to technology transfer, helping companies all around the world to avoid costly mistakes in product development and to recover investments quickly. Individual sections treat trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights, technology transfer in health and healthcare as well as in agriculture and the environment.